Battery Equivalents and Replacements

Best Battery for Diesel Truck

Starting batteries can provide strong currents for very short periods of time, ensuring the safe starting of gas and diesel car and truck engines.

However, not all trucks are made equal, and starting large 6-7+ liter diesel engines during cold winter nights after being drained by various parasite loads can put a rather large strain on the battery, requiring strong and reliable batteries.

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Intro to Diesel Truck Batteries

Trucks vary in size, so do their engines, too. Depending on the size and type of truck, diesel engines vary from just a few (2-3) liters to large monster size 10-20+ liter units.

On average, most trucks come with diesel engines in the 5-10 liters range.

One of the specifics of diesel engines is that they require more cranking Amps than gas engines due to the higher compression. Also, diesel heaters can draw some current before actual cranking starts - although this current is much lower than the cranking current, it should not be ignored, especially during the winter months.

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The number of batteries in the trucks also varies - smaller trucks require just one 12V battery capable of providing 800-1000 CCA Amps, medium trucks require a pair of 12V batteries capable of providing at least 800 CCA Amps, while large units require battery packs consisting of 4+ group 31 batteries or even stronger batteries (group 4D/8D, for example).

When looking for a new battery (or batteries) for your diesel truck, be sure to check the documentation of your vehicle and the number, size, and type of the batteries.

Also, be sure to check:

CCA (Cold Cranking Amps) - maximum current that a new, fully charged, 12V battery can deliver for 30 seconds, with the voltage NOT dropping below 7.2V, at 0°F (-18°C).

CA (Cranking Amps) or MCA (Marine Cranking Amps) - maximum current that a new, fully charged, 12V battery can deliver for 30 seconds, with the voltage NOT dropping below 7.2V at 32°F (0°C).

RC (Reserve Capacity) is the number of minutes that a new, fully charged battery (at 80°F, ~25°C) can deliver a 25A current and maintain a voltage above its cut-off value (10.5V for lead-acid batteries).

Capacity (Ah - Ampere/Amp-hours) describes how many Amps (A) the battery can provide for 20 hours before the voltage drops below a certain level.

Gel Cell lead-acid batteries use electrolytes in the form of gel - diluted sulfuric acid is mixed with fumed silica to create gel which is placed between battery plates. Gel cell lead-acid batteries are non-spillable batteries and most of them can safely operate regardless of the position.

Absorbed Glass Mat (AGM) lead-acid batteries use electrolyte that is held in the glass mats made out of woven, very thin glass fibers. As such, AGM lead-acid batteries are also a type of non-spillable batteries and most of them can safely operate regardless of their position.

Lithium automotive batteries are rechargeable batteries mostly based on the Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) chemistry and features ultralight construction at a somewhat higher price. In order to make lithium batteries as safe as possible, lithium batteries feature the built-in Battery Management System (BMS) that monitors the parameters of the battery (voltage, current, DoD, and similar) and protects the battery from unwanted events.

Although lithium batteries may save some weight, battery weight in diesel trucks is just a small fraction of the total weight, and personally, they are not worth the higher price. Also, lithium batteries are sensitive to low and high temperatures, charging conditions, etc.

For short, AGM or Gel-Cell lead-acid batteries are still the way to go when talking about diesel truck batteries. IMHO, of course.

Engine Starting Modules (EMS) are essentially supercapacitors, featuring very strong CCA currents, a huge number of charging-discharging cycles, and lower weight.

However, Engine Starting Modules (EMS) require (mostly) a dedicated connection to the engine starter and few more tweaks in the vehicle's electric system.

Most trucks don't feature Engine Starting Modules (EMS) by default, but for vehicles operating at extremely low temperatures, EMS can be rather helpful.

Parallel/Series Connections - for the trucks that have 2 or more batteries, it is highly recommended to use the same batteries (same model) from the same brand, preferably from the same batch. This way, the differences between the batteries will be minimal, distributing the load on all batteries evenly, especially if connected properly.

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The most popular battery groups include:

- group 34, 34/78, 78,

- group 48 (H6),

- group 65,

- group 94R (H7).

However, other battery groups may be used, like group 31 or even larger group 4D/8D batteries.


Group 34, 34/78, 78 Batteries

BCI group 34 batteries feature physical dimensions of (L x W x H) 10.25 x 6.8125 x 7.875 inches (26 x 17.3 x 20 cm), and on average they weigh between 37 and 51 pounds.

As one can see, group 34 batteries are medium-large, but still, rather powerful batteries, featuring 20h capacity in the 50-75 Ah range, being able to provide 750-900 CCA, having 100-145 minutes of Reserve Capacity, etc.

The following comparison chart lists some of the most popular group 34 batteries with their most important features and specifications:

Model Battery Type Chemistry Ah CCA MCA RC Weight (lbs/kg)
ACDelco 34AGM Starting AGM 60 740 - 115 38.7 lbs; 17.4 kg
Banshee 34M Dual Purpose Flooded 66 750 870 100 37.0 lbs; 16.8 kg
Delphi BU9034 Starting AGM 55 775 - 120 42.5 lbs; 19.3 kg
DieHard 38232 Starting AGM 55 775 - 120 44.5 lbs; 20.2 kg
Exide Edge FP-AGM34 Dual Purpose AGM 60 770 - 120 45.9 lbs; 20.8 kg
NorthStar NSB-AGM34 Dual Purpose AGM 65 880 1050 134 51 lbs; 23.1 kg
Odyssey 34-PC1500T Dual Purpose AGM 68 850 1050 135 49.5 lbs; 22.4 kg
Optima RedTop 34 Starting AGM 50 800 1000 100 37.9 lbs; 17.2 kg
Optima 8016-103 D34M Dual Purpose AGM 55 750 870 120 43.5 lbs; 19.7 kg
VMAXTANKS XTR34-75 Deep Cycle AGM 75 - 825* 145 45.0 lbs; 20.4 kg
XS Power D3400 12V 65 Ah Dual Purpose AGM 65 - 1000 135 47.0 lbs; 21.32 kg
XS Power D3400 12V 80Ah Dual Purpose AGM 80 - 1150 160 50 lbs; 22.67 kg
Model

Battery Type


Chemistry

Ah


RC

CCA


MCA

Weight (lbs/kg)
ACDelco 34AGM

Starting


AGM

60


115

740


-

38.7 lbs; 17.4 kg
Banshee 34M

Dual Purpose


Flooded

66


100

750


870

37.0 lbs; 16.8 kg
Delphi BU9034

Starting


AGM

55


120

775


-

42.5 lbs; 19.3 kg
DieHard 38232

Starting


AGM

55


120

775


-

44.5 lbs; 20.2 kg
Exide Edge FP-AGM34

Dual Purpose


AGM

60


120

770


-

45.9 lbs; 20.8 kg
NorthStar NSB-AGM34

Dual Purpose


AGM

65


134

880


1050

51 lbs; 23.1 kg
Odyssey 34-PC1500T

Dual Purpose


AGM

68


135

850


1050

49.5 lbs; 22.4 kg
Optima RedTop 34

Starting


AGM

50


100

800


1000

37.9 lbs; 17.2 kg
Optima 8016-103 D34M

Dual Purpose


AGM

55


120

750


870

43.5 lbs; 19.7 kg
VMAXTANKS XTR34-75

Deep Cycle


AGM

75


145

-


825*

45.0 lbs; 20.4 kg
XS Power D3400 12V 65 Ah

Dual Purpose


AGM

65


135

-


1000

47.0 lbs; 21.32 kg
XS Power D3400 12V 80Ah

Dual Purpose


AGM

80


160

-


1150

50 lbs; 22.67 kg

Note: Amazon affiliate links ('Model' column) open in the new windows, feel free to check them for the most up-to-date offers and prices.

 The physical dimensions of the group 78 batteries are very similar to several other battery groups including group 34, allowing these batteries to be used almost interchangeably.

Maximum dimensions of the group 78 and group 34 batteries are (L x W x H):

- Group 78: 10.25 x 7.0625 x 7.6875 inches (26 x 17.9 x 19.6 cm),

- Group 34: 10.25 x 6.8125 x 7.875 inches (26 x 17.3 x 20 cm).

The only real difference between these battery sizes is battery terminals, which leads to the new battery group labeled as "groups 34/78" which has two groups of battery terminals and can be used as battery replacement for group 34 and for group 78 batteries.

The following comparison chart lists some of the most popular group 78 and group 34/78 batteries with their most important features and specifications:

Model Battery Type Ah CCA MCA RC Weight (lbs/kg)
ACDelco 78AGM Starting 60 740 890 115 37.8 lbs; 17.2 kg
Delphi BU9078 MaxStart Starting 55 775 - 120 43 lbs; 19.5 kg
Northstar NSB-AGM34/78 Dual Purpose 65 880 1050 134 51 lbs; 23.1 kg
Northstar NSB-AGM78 Dual Purpose 65 880 1050 134 51 lbs; 23.1 kg
Odyssey 34/78-PC1500DT Dual Purpose 68 850 1050 135 49.5 lbs; 22.4 kg
Odyssey 78 PC1500 Dual Purpose 68 850 1050 135 49.5 lbs; 22.4 kg
Optima 8004-003 34/78 RedTop Starting 50 800 1000 100 38.8 lbs; 17.6 kg
Optima 8014-045 D34/78 YellowTop Dual Purpose 55 750 870 120 43.5 lbs; 19.7 kg
Optima 8078-109 78 RedTop Starting 50 800 1000 100 39.5 lbs; 17.9 kg

Note: Amazon affiliate links ('Model' column) open in the new windows, feel free to check them for the most up-to-date offers and prices. 

Due to the very similar dimensions, group 78 and group 34/78 batteries feature very similar specifications to the group 34 batteries.

BCI Group 34 Batteries:

XS Power D3400 XS Series 12V 3,300 Amp AGM High Output Battery with M6 Terminal Bolt

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XS Power D3400 XS Series is an excellent dual-purpose group 34 battery, featuring a nominal (20h) capacity of 65 Ah, MCA (CA) rating of 1000 Amps, and RC value of 135 minutes.

XS Power D3400 XS Series is not the lightest group 34 battery - it weighs 47 pounds (21.32 kg).

The battery comes with M6 battery terminal bolts, which allow a firm connection between the battery and wiring.

Physical dimensions of the battery are (L x W x H) 10.24 x 6.65 x 7.20 inches (~26 x 16.9 x 18.3 cm) allowing the battery to easily fit into the battery compartment intended for the group 34 batteries.

As a truck battery, XS Power D3400 XS Series ensures reliable starting as long as the battery is (fully) charged - as the dual-purpose battery, XS Power D3400 XS Series can easily power various lights, winches, pumps, compressors, and similar loads, but if the battery is discharged below a certain level, its cranking ability may drop below the required level.

Note: this is an issue with all dual-purpose batteries that are used as - dual-purpose batteries, not just with XS Power D3400 XS Series battery.

XS Power manufactures both D3400 and D3400R batteries, having the same discharge characteristics, differing only in the position of the positive/negative battery terminals.

If You are looking for a group 34 battery that can provide 1000A CA, that is a maintenance-free battery, consider this model.

Some people consider XS Power D3400 XS Series a little bit pricey battery, but what You pay is what You get - after all, despite the price, it is one of the most popular group 34 batteries.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the XS Power D3400 XS Series AGM Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

Odyssey 34-PC1500T Automotive and LTV Battery

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Odyssey 34-PC1500T Automotive and LTV Battery is a strong, robust, and reliable AGM group 34 battery featuring physical dimensions of 10.85 x 6.76 x 7.82 inches (~27.6 x 17.2 x 19.9 cm) - the battery is slightly longer than the "standard" group 34 battery (10.25 vs 10.85 inches, 26 vs 27.6 cm) which may cause issues with the tight-fit battery compartments.

Also, Odyssey 34-PC1500T is one of the heaviest group 34 batteries - it weighs 49.5 pounds (22.4 kg), but it comes with a carrying handle, allowing the single adult to carry it to short distances.

Other than that, Odyssey 34-PC1500T is an excellent battery. It features a nominal capacity of 68 Ah, CCA value of 850 Amps, MCA (CA) value of 1050(!) Amps, and Reserve Capacity value of 135 minutes, making it a truly heavy-duty dual-purpose group 34 battery.

Odyssey batteries, Odyssey 34-PC1500T included, are known for their good deep-discharge recovery and for excellent characteristics even in very cold temperatures, even down to -40°F (-40°C).

If your battery compartment can accept a slightly longer group 34 battery, consider the Odyssey 34-PC1500T battery.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the Odyssey 34-PC1500T Automotive and LTV Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

Optima 8002-002 34 RedTop Starting Battery

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Optima 8002-002 34 RedTop Starting Battery is a true starting AGM spill-proof battery.

Optima 8002-002 34 RedTop features physical dimensions of 10 x 6.875 x 7.8125 inches (~25.4 x 17.5 x 19.9 cm) allowing the battery to fit into the battery compartments intended for the group 34 batteries.

Thanks to its spiral-wound cells, Optima 34 RedTop battery features the nominal capacity of "only" 50 Ah, but it weighs only 37.9 pounds (17.2 kg) and is able to provide 800 CCA Amps, 1000(!) MCA Amps and features an RC value of 100 minutes.

Note: Optima 34 RedTop battery is a starting battery and it should not be used in deep cycle applications. But, for a starting battery, it tolerates parasite loads (lights, security and alarm systems, GPS, fans, winches, etc.) well.

Thanks to its affordable price, relatively lower weight, good cranking features, Optima 34 RedTop battery is a very popular group 34 battery where a true starting battery is required.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the Optima Batteries 8002-002 34 RedTop Starting Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

BCI Group 34/78 Batteries:

Optima 8004-003 34/78 RedTop Starting Battery

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Optima 8004-003 34/78 RedTop Starting Battery features physical dimensions of 10 x 6.875 x 7.8125 inches (25.4 x 17.5 x 19.9 cm) and as group 34/78 battery, it comes with dual SAE and GM (side) battery terminals.

Thanks to its spiral-wound cells, Optima 34/78 RedTop battery features a CCA value of 800 Amps, MCA (CA) value of 1000 Amps, and RC value of 100 minutes, despite a nominal capacity of 50 Ah, which is one of the smallest capacities in this battery group.

But, Optima 8004-003 34/78 RedTop is optimized for cranking/starting performances, it is very vibration resistant, spill-proof, and may operate in almost any position.

Also, it is one of the more affordable batteries in the 34/78 battery group.

If You are looking for a true group 34/78 starting battery, consider this model.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the Optima 8004-003 34/78 RedTop Starting Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

Odyssey 34/78-PC1500DT Automotive and LTV Battery

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Odyssey 34/78-PC1500DT Automotive and LTV Battery is a dual-purpose battery, featuring physical dimensions of 10.85 x 6.99 x 7.82 inches (~27.6 x 17.8 x 19.9 cm), making it slightly larger than the "standard" group 34 or group 78 battery.

As the group 34/78 battery, Odyssey 34/78-PC1500DT features dual battery terminals. Also, it features a nominal capacity of 68 Ah, a CCA value of 850 Amps (some sources claim even 880 CCA Amps), an MCA (CA) value of 1050 Amps, and an RC value of 135 minutes.

Odyssey 34/78-PC1500DT is also one of the heaviest group 34/78 batteries weighing 49.5 pounds (~22.4 kg).

As a deep-cycle battery, Odyssey 34/78-PC1500DT is able to withstand 400 charging/discharging cycles down to 80% DoD. Also, it accepts charge rather well and can be recharged in 4-6 hours completely.

As an Odyssey battery, Odyssey 34/78-PC1500DT battery is known for rather good performances in low-temperature conditions, even down to -40°F (-40°C) - and that is very cold!

If You are looking for a dual-purpose group 34/78 battery and your battery compartment can accept a slightly larger battery, consider this model - it is robust and reliable, very resistant to vibrations and mechanical impacts, maintenance-free, spill-proof battery.

Also, it is not the most expensive battery in this battery group. Usually.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the Odyssey 34/78-PC1500DT Automotive and LTV Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

BCI Group 78 Batteries:

Optima 8078-109 78 RedTop Starting Battery

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Optima 8078-109 78 RedTop Starting Battery is very similar to Optima 34 RedTop and Optima 34/78 RedTop starting batteries.

Optima 8078-109 78 RedTop Starting Battery features physical dimensions of 10 x 7.24 x 7.1875 inches (~25.4 x 18.4 x 18.3 cm) and features side battery terminals, typical for the group 78 batteries.

Because of its spiral-wound cells, Optima 8078-109 78 RedTop battery features a somewhat smaller nominal capacity of 50 Ah, but it also features a CCA value of 800 Amps and an MCA (CA) value of 1000 Amps.

Although it is not intended for deep-cycle applications, Optima 8078-109 78 RedTop features a Reserve Capacity of 100 minutes.

Optima 8078-109 78 RedTop weighs 39.5 pounds (~17.9 kg), making it one of the lightest group 78 batteries.

If You are looking for a true starting group 78 battery, consider Optima 8078-109 78 RedTop battery - because of the well-balanced design, good characteristics, and acceptable price, it is one of the most popular batteries in this class.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the Optima 8078-109 78 RedTop Starting Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

Odyssey 78 PC1500-A Automotive/Light Truck and Van Battery

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Odyssey 78 PC1500-A Automotive/Light Truck and Van Battery features physical dimensions of (L x W x H) 10.25 x 7.0625 x 7.6875 inches (~26 x 17.9 x 19.6 cm) and it weighs 49.5 pounds (22.4 kg).

As the group 78 battery, Odyssey 78 PC1500 battery features side terminals with the negative battery terminal on the right side.

Odyssey 78 PC1500 features a nominal capacity of 68 Ah, a CCA value of 850 (some sources claim 880 Amps), an MCA value of 1050(!) Amps and an RC value of 135 minutes.

Odyssey 78 PC1500 comes with pure lead (99.99%) plates, allowing the plates to be thinner, increasing their surface.

As a group 78 battery, Odyssey 78 PC1500 features excellent both starting and deep-discharge characteristics, allowing the battery to be used in trucks and light-industrial applications.

If You are looking for a true dual-purpose group 78 battery, consider this one. And no, it is not the cheapest model on the market, but, what You pay is what You get...

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the Odyssey 78 PC1500-A Automotive/Light Truck and Van Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).


Group 48 (H6) Batteries

Standard BCI Group 48 batteries feature dimensions of (L x W x H) 12 1/16 x 6 7/8 x 7 9/16 inches (12.0625 x 6.875 x 7.5625 inches, 306 x 175 x 192 mm) and is similar to the standard DIN H6 batteries (also labeled as L3 batteries) and EN 66L3 batteries that feature physical dimensions of (L x W x H) of 278 x 175 x 190 mm.

Generally, batteries labeled as H6 or L3 batteries (DIN standard) or EN 66L3 (EN standard) are considered to be BCI Group 48 equivalent batteries, and vice versa due to the similarities in size.

However, BCI Group 98R have physical dimensions very close to the H6, L3, or 66L3 batteries:

- BCI Group 48: 306 x 175 x 192 mm,

- H6, L3, 66L3: 278 x 175 x 190 mm,

- BCI Group 98R: 283 x 175 x 190 mm.

That is the reason why BCI Group 98R is also considered as H6, L3, 66L3 battery equivalent battery.

But, just to be sure, always check the dimensions of your battery compartment, the dimensions of the old battery (or batteries), and the dimensions of the new battery - better safe than sorry!

The following comparison chart lists some of the most popular group 48 (H6) batteries with their most important features and specifications:

Model Battery Type Cell Type Ah CCA MCA RC Weight (lbs/kg)
ACDelco 48AGM Professional Starting AGM 70 760 - 120 45.5 lbs; 20.6 kg
Delphi BU9048 MaxStart Starting AGM 70 760 - 120 45.5 lbs; 20.6 kg
NorthStar NSB-AGM48 Dual Purpose AGM 69 775 880 135 48 lbs; 21.8 kg
Odyssey Battery 48-720 Battery Dual Purpose AGM 69 723 842 130 48 lbs; 21.8 kg
Optima Batteries DH6 YellowTop Dual Purpose AGM 72 800 928 140 54 lbs; 24.5 kg
XS Power D4800 Dual Purpose AGM 60 - 815 120 47.6 lbs; 21.6 kg

Note: Amazon affiliate links ('Model' column) open in the new windows, feel free to check them for the most up-to-date offers and prices.

As one can see, group 48 (H6) batteries on average feature 60-70 Ah nominal capacity, 720-800 CCA Amps, 800-930 MCA Amps, and an RC value of 120-140 minutes.

Also, they weigh from 45 to 54 pounds and can be found as starting and as dual-purpose batteries.

ACDelco Gold 48AGM Battery

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ACDelco Gold 48AGM Battery is a true starting group 48 battery with physical dimensions of 10.9 x 6.9 x 7.5 inches (~27.7 x 17.5 x 19 cm) - ACDelco Gold 48AGM battery may fit battery compartments intended for both H6 and group 48 batteries.

ACDelco Gold 48AGM battery features a nominal capacity of 70 Ah and a CCA value of 760 Amps and it weighs a rather acceptable 45.5 pounds (~20.6 kg).

Although it is a starting battery, the ACDelco Gold 48AGM battery also features an RC value of 120 minutes, but it should NOT be used as a deep-cycle battery.

Thanks to its affordable price, good discharge characteristics, and overall performance, the ACDelco Gold 48AGM battery is one of the most popular group 48 (H6) batteries.

If You are looking for a stating-only group 48 (H6) battery, consider this model.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the ACDelco Gold 48AGM Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

Optima DH6 YellowTop Dual Purpose AGM Battery

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Optima DH6 YellowTop Dual Purpose AGM Battery features physical dimensions of 10.94 x 6.89 x 7.48 inches (~27.8 x 17.5 x 19 cm) and it fits H6 battery compartments.

Optima DH6 YellowTop weighs 54 pounds (~24.5 kg) and it is one of the heaviest group 48/H6 batteries - unlike other Optima batteries that feature spiral-wound cells, Optima DH6 YellowTop features "classic" flat plates.

Optima DH6 YellowTop is a true dual-purpose battery, having a nominal capacity of 72 Ah, and is able to provide 800 CCA Amps, 928 MCA (CA) Amps and it features 140 minutes Reserve Capacity.

The battery is very vibration resistant, it is maintenance-free, spill-proof, and can be mounted in almost any position.

Optima DH6 YellowTop is highly recommended for applications where a true dual-purpose group 48/H6 battery is required - it can crank surprisingly large engines, and it cycles well.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the Optima DH6 YellowTop Dual Purpose AGM Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

XS Power D4800 12V BCI Group 48 AGM Battery

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XS Power D4800 12V BCI Group 48 AGM Battery is another high-performance group 48/H6 battery featuring physical dimensions of 10.94 x 6.93 x 7.48 inches (~27.8 x 17.6 x 19 cm) and it weighs 47.6 pounds (~21.6 kg).

The battery features a nominal capacity of "only" 60 Ah and an RC value of 120 minutes, but it is nonetheless able to provide 815 MCA (CA) Amps.

Also, the XS Power D4800 battery is a maintenance-free, spill-proof battery that can power many additional loads including pumps, fans, multimedia devices, winches, and similar and still be able to start the engine.

Note: like all other lead-acid batteries, the XS Power D4800 battery's ability to crank the engine drops with the battery's discharge level, so be careful not to discharge it too low ...

XS Power D4800 battery is a very popular battery despite its price (it is far from being the cheapest group 48/H6 battery) thanks to its robust construction and reliable operation.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the XS Power D4800 12V BCI Group 48 AGM Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).


Group 65 Batteries

BCI Group 65 batteries feature physical dimensions of (L x W x H) 12.0625 x 7.5 x 7.5625 inches (30.6 x 19 x 19.2 cm), 70-75 Ah nominal (20h) capacity, 130-150 minutes RC, 750-950 CCA with the MCA (CA) values of some models reaching almost 1100 Amps. Also, on average, they weigh between 45 and 55 pounds (20-25 kg).

The following comparison chart lists some of the most popular group 65 batteries with their most important features and specifications: 

Model Battery Type Cell Type Ah CCA MCA RC Weight (lbs/kg)
ACDelco 65AGMHR Dual Purpose AGM 70 775 960 150 45.9 lbs; 20.8 kg
Deka 9A65 Dual Purpose AGM 75 775 955 150 46 lbs;  20.85 kg
Delphi BU9065 65 Dual Purpose AGM 75 750 - 150 47.5 lbs; 21.5 kg
NORTHSTAR NSB-AGM65 Dual Purpose AGM 69 930 1070 135 55 lbs; 24.9 kg
Odyssey 65-PC1750T Dual Purpose AGM 74 950 1070 145 54 lbs; 24.5 kg
Renogy RBT100LFP12S-G1 Deep Cycle Lithium 100 - - ~230 26 lbs; 11.8 kg
XS Power D6500 Dual Purpose AGM 75 - 1000 150 55.8 lbs; 25.3 kg

Note: Amazon affiliate links ('Model' column) open in the new windows, feel free to check them for the most up-to-date offers and prices.

BCI Group 65 batteries are commonly used as automotive, marine, and industrial batteries, as dual-purpose AGM batteries suitable for both starting and deep cycle applications, thanks to the advances in AGM SLA battery technology.

Lithium group 65 batteries are not very common. But, such batteries can be used as excellent deep cycle batteries that support 8-10x more charging/discharging cycles than AGM lead-acid batteries.

Odyssey 65-PC1750T Automotive and LTV Battery

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Odyssey 65-PC1750T Automotive and LTV Battery features physical dimensions of 12.0625 x 7.5 x 7.5625 inches and can fit battery compartments intended for the group 65 batteries.

Odyssey 65-PC1750T battery features nominal (20h) capacity of 74 Ah, CCA value of 950 Amps, MCA (CA) value of 1070(!) Amps, Reserve Capacity of 145 minutes, and it weighs 54 pounds (~24.5 kg).

The battery comes with standard SAE battery terminals (positive to the left) and a carrying handle.

Odyssey 65-PC1750T battery is a maintenance-free, spill-proof battery that can be mounted in almost any position - don't mount AGM batteries inverted.

Also, it is very resistant to vibrations and mechanical impacts and can operate safely down to -40°F (-40°C) with a decrease in performance, of course - but, it will not freeze!

Odyssey 65-PC1750T battery is strong, durable and reliable group 65 battery and commonly used in various automotive, marine and light industrial applications - a pair of new, fully charged Odyssey 65-PC1750T batteries at 32°F (0°C) connected in parallel can provide 2140 Amps (2x MCA 1070 Amps) and can crank large diesel engines with ease.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the Odyssey 65-PC1750T Automotive and LTV Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

XS Power D6500 XS Series AGM High Output Battery

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XS Power D6500 XS Series AGM High Output Battery features physical dimensions of 11.8 x 7.2 x 6.8 inches (~30 x 18.3 x 17.3 cm) and can easily fit any group 65 battery compartment.

XS Power D6500 comes with M6 bolt terminals and NOT with standard SAE battery terminals.

The battery features a nominal capacity of 75 Ah, MCA (CA) value of 1000 Amps, RC value of 150 Amps and it weighs 55.8 pounds (~25.3 kg).

XS Power D6500 is a true dual-purpose battery - as starting battery, it is somewhat weaker than Odyssey 65-PC1750, but it is a somewhat better deep discharge performer (75 Ah vs 74 Ah capacity, 150 min vs 145 min RC).

Despite the XS Power D6500 battery being anything but the cheap battery, thanks to its reliable operation and performances, it is nonetheless, one of the most popular group 65 batteries.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the XS Power D6500 XS Series AGM High Output Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

NorthStar NSB-AGM65 Automotive Group 65 Battery

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NorthStar NSB-AGM65 Automotive Group 65 Battery features physical dimensions of 11.8 x 7.32 x 7.44 inches (~30 x 18.6 x 18.9 cm) and it can fit group 65 battery compartments easily.

NorthStar NSB-AGM65 is a maintenance-free, spill-proof battery that can be mounted in almost any position (except vertical). It features a nominal capacity of "only" 69 Ah and an RC value of 135 minutes, but it is also capable of providing 930 CCA Amps and 1070 MCA (CA) Amps.

Also, it weighs 55 pounds (24.9 kg).

NorthStar NSB-AGM65 is another true dual-purpose battery with excellent cranking features. And as a deep cycle battery, it can withstand ~900 cycles down to 50% DoD.

NorthStar NSB-AGM65 is comparable with Odyssey 65-PC1750 battery as cranking battery at 32°F (0°C), but as the temperature drops, Odyssey battery's performance decreases more slowly.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the NorthStar NSB-AGM65 Automotive Group 65 Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).


Group 94R (H7) Batteries

BCI Group 94R batteries feature physical dimensions of (L x W x H) 12.4 x 6.9 x 7.5 inches (315 x 175 x 190 mm) and they weigh on average around 52-57 pounds (23.6-25.8 kg).

Group 94R batteries feature 'R' as part of their label - this means that the positive terminal is on the right side of the battery. Group 94R batteries are very popular automotive and light industrial batteries, commonly used on passenger and light commercial vehicles - they are often installed on vehicles manufactured by BMW, Mercedes, Audi, Volkswagen, etc.

Group 94R batteries are also known as H7, L4, and/or LN4 batteries.

The following comparison chart lists some of the most popular group 94R (H7) batteries with their most important features and specifications: 

Model Battery Type Chemistry Ah CCA MCA RC Weight (lbs/kg)
ACDelco 94RAGM Dual Purpose AGM 80 850 - 140 51.6 lbs; 23.4 kg
Deka 9A94R Dual Purpose AGM 80 800 - 140 51.5 lbs; 23.3 kg
Delphi BU9094R Dual Purpose AGM 80 800 - 140 52 lbs; 23.6 kg
Exide Edge FP-AGML4/94R Dual Purpose AGM 80 800 - 140 53.3 lbs; 24.1 kg
NorthStar NSB-AGM94R Dual Purpose AGM 76 840 1030 158 57 lbs; 25.8 kg
Odyssey 94R-850 Dual Purpose AGM 80 850 - 150 54.8 lbs; 24.9 kg

Note: Amazon affiliate links ('Model' column) open in the new windows, feel free to check them for the most up-to-date offers and prices.

Group 94R (H7) batteries are mostly maintenance-free, spill-proof AGM batteries - thanks to advancements in technology, these batteries tolerate cycle use good enough to be considered as dual-purpose batteries, with pure starting group 94R batteries not being that common.

Note: some manufacturers label their batteries as "starting", but also emphasize their dual-purpose features ...

ACDelco Gold 94RAGM BCI Group 94R Battery

acdelco 94ragm w300px

ACDelco Gold 94RAGM BCI Group 94R Battery features physical dimensions of 12.4 x 6.9 x 7.5 inches and it weighs 51.6 pounds (~23.4 kg).

ACDelco Gold 94RAGM battery features a nominal capacity of 80 Ah, a CCA value of 850 Amps, and an RC value of 140 minutes.

The battery is an excellent cranking battery that can be used for powering other loads while the engine is turned off, like lights, fans, pumps, winches, multimedia devices, etc., just be aware that the battery's ability to crank the engine drops as the battery is being discharged.

ACDelco Gold 94RAGM battery is also a rather affordable battery, making it one of the most popular batteries in its class, regardless if being used as a single battery or being used for creating larger battery packs.

If You are looking for a starting group 94R (H7) battery that occasionally has to power some other load while the engine is off, consider this battery.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the ACDelco Gold 94RAGM BCI Group 94R Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

Delphi BU9094R MaxStart AGM Automotive Battery

delphi bu9094r w300px

Delphi BU9094R MaxStart AGM Automotive Battery is another dual-purpose group 94R battery with very good starting features that can also be used for powering other devices while the engine is turned off.

Delphi BU9094R MaxStart battery features a nominal capacity of 80 Ah, a CCA value of 800 Amps, and a Reserve Capacity of 140 minutes. Also, it weighs 52 pounds (23.6 kg).

Delphi BU9094R MaxStart battery is a very close match to the ACDelco 94RAGM battery in terms of RC and nominal capacity - ACDelco 94RAGM is a somewhat lighter battery that features a somewhat stronger CCA current.

Other than that, these batteries are very similar.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the Delphi BU9094R MaxStart AGM Automotive Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

Deka 9A94R AGM Intimidator Battery

deka 9a94r w300px

Deka 9A94R AGM Intimidator Battery features physical dimensions of 12.438 x 6.875 x 7.5 (~31.6 x 17.5 x 19 cm) and it weighs 51.5 pounds (123.3 kg).

Deka 9A94R features practically the same discharge features as Delphi BU9094R battery - a nominal capacity of 80 Ah, CCA value of 800 Amps, and 140 minutes RC value.

Deka 9A94R is not as popular as ACDelco 94RAGM or Delphi BU9094R batteries, but it is nonetheless used in automotive, marine, and light industrial applications that require starting group 94R battery that can also power various loads while the engine is turned off.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the Deka 9A94R AGM Intimidator Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

If You are looking for a true dual-purpose Group 94R battery, consider Odyssey 94R-850 or NorthStar NSB-AGM94R batteries. They are excellent performers, but also somewhat heavier than ACDelco, Deka, and Delphi batteries.


Honorable Mention: Group 31 Batteries

Group 31 batteries are relatively large batteries, featuring physical dimensions (L x W x H) of 13 x 6.8125 x 9.4375 inches (~33 x 17.3 x 24 cm) - they are larger than typical car/truck batteries but smaller than the very popular industrial 4D, 6D and 8D batteries.

The most popular group 31 batteries are AGM and Gel-Cell lead-acid batteries, with the lithium (LiFePO4) batteries becoming more and more popular, especially for deep-cycle applications.

Due to their size and weight, group 31 AGM and Gel-Cell batteries are built as dual-purpose and as deep-cycle batteries, with true starting group 31 batteries being very rare.

The following comparison chart lists some of the most popular group 31 batteries with their most important features and specifications: 

Model Battery Type Cell Type Ah CCA MCA RC Weight (lbs/kg)
AIMS Power LFP12V100A Deep Cycle LiFePO4  100 - - ~240 30.2 lbs; 13.7 kg
Battle Born 100Ah 12V LiFePO4 Deep Cycle LiFePO4 100 - - ~240 29 lbs; 13.2 kg
Exide XMC-31 Deep Cycle AGM 100 925 1110 200 68 lbs; 31 kg
ExpertPower EP12100 Deep Cycle LiFePO4  100 - - ~240 29.7 lbs; 13.5 kg
GreenLiFE Battery GL100 Dual Purpose LiFePO4 100 - - 240 28 lbs; 12.7 kg
Lifeline GPL-31T Deep Cycle AGM 105 600 750 195 69 lbs; 31.5 kg
Lifeline GPL-31XT Deep Cycle AGM 125 650 800 230 69 lbs; 31.5 kg
Lifeline GPL-3100T Dual Purpose AGM 100 810 950 228 67 lbs; 30.4 kg
Mighty Max ML100-12 DS-IGEL Deep Cycle Gel 100 - - 180+ 68.2 lbs; 30.9 kg
NorthStar ELT-AGM31 Dual Purpose AGM 100 925 1050 190 65.7 lbs; 29.8 kg
NorthStar NSB-AGM31 Dual Purpose AGM 103 1150 1370 220 75 lbs; 34.0 kg
NorthStar NSB-AGM31M Dual Purpose AGM 103 1150 1370 220 75 lbs; 34.0 kg 
Odyssey 31-PC2150S Dual Purpose AGM 100 1150 1370 205 77.8 lbs; 35.3 kg 
Optima 8052-161 D31M Dual Purpose AGM 75 900 1125 155 59.8 lbs; 27.1 kg
Renogy RNG-BATT-AGM12-100 Deep Cycle AGM 104 - - 180+ 66 lbs; 29.9 kg
Renogy RNG-BATT-GEL12-100 Deep Cycle Gel 100 - - 180+ 60 lbs; 27.2 kg
Renogy RBT100GEL12-G1 Deep Cycle Gel 100 - - ~175 63.9 lbs; 29 kg
Trojan T31-AGM Deep Cycle Gel 102 - - 200 70 lbs; 31.7 kg
VMAXTANKS SLR125 Deep Cycle AGM 125 - - 260 75 lbs; 34 kg
VMAXTANKS MR137-120 Deep Cycle AGM 120 - 900 230 75 lbs; 34 kg
VMAXTANKS VPG12C-100LFP Deep Cycle LiFePO4 100 - - ~240 26.4 lbs; ~12.0 kg
VMAXTANKS XTR31-135 Deep Cycle AGM 135 730 920 265 77 lbs; 34.9 kg
XS Power XP3000 Deep Cycle AGM 120 - - 240 73 lbs;  33.1 kg
Weize 12V 100Ah AGM Deep Cycle AGM 100 - - - 60 pounds; 27.2 kg
Weize 12V 100Ah Gel Deep Cycle Gel 100 - - <180 67 pounds; 30.4 kg
WindyNation BAT-NSAP12-100 Deep Cycle AGM 106 - - 180+ 67 lbs; 30.4 kg
Model

Battery Type


Battery Chemistry

Ah


RC

CCA


MCA

Weight (lbs/kg)
AIMS Power LFP12V100A

Deep Cycle


LiFePO4

100


~240

-


-

30.2 lbs; 13.7 kg
Battle Born 100Ah 12V LiFePO4

Deep Cycle


LiFePO4

100


~240

-


-

29 lbs; 13.2 kg
Exide XMC-31

Deep Cycle


AGM

100


200

925


1110

68 lbs; 31 kg
ExpertPower EP12100

Deep Cycle


LiFePO4

100


~240

-


-

29.7 lbs; 13.5 kg
GreenLiFE Battery GL100

Dual Purpose


LiFePO4

100


240

-


-

28 lbs; 12.7 kg
Lifeline GPL-31T

Deep Cycle


AGM

105


195

600


750

69 lbs;  31.5 kg
Lifeline GPL-31XT

Deep Cycle


AGM

125


230

650


800

69 lbs; 31.5 kg
Lifeline GPL-3100T

Dual Purpose


AGM

100


228

810


950

67 lbs; 30.4 kg
Mighty Max ML100-12 DS-IGEL

Deep Cycle


Gel

100


180+

-


-

68.2 lbs; 30.9 kg 
NorthStar ELT-AGM31

Dual Purpose


AGM

100


190

925


1050

65.7 lbs; 29.8 kg
NorthStar NSB-AGM31

Dual Purpose


AGM

103


220

1150


1370

75 lbs; 34.0 kg
NorthStar NSB-AGM31M

Dual Purpose


AGM

103


220

1150


1370

75 lbs; 34.0 kg 
Odyssey 31-PC2150S

Dual Purpose


AGM

100


205

1150


1370

77.8 lbs; 35.3 kg 
Optima 8052-161 D31M

Dual Purpose


AGM

75


155

900


1125

59.8 lbs; 27.1 kg
Renogy RNG-BATT-AGM12-100

Deep Cycle


AGM

104


180+

-


-

66 lbs; 29.9 kg
Renogy RNG-BATT-GEL12-100

Deep Cycle


Gel-Cell

100


180+

-


-

60 lbs; 27.2 kg
Renogy RBT100GEL12-G1

Deep Cycle


Gel-Cell

100


~175

-


-

63.9 lbs; 29 kg
Trojan T31-AGM

Deep Cycle


Gel-Cell

102


200

-


-

70 lbs; 31.7 kg
VMAXTANKS SLR125

Deep Cycle


AGM

125


260

-


-

75 lbs; 34 kg
VMAXTANKS MR137-120

Deep Cycle


AGM

120


230

-


900

75 lbs; 34 kg
VMAXTANKS VPG12C-100LFP

Deep Cycle


LiFePO4

100


~240

-


-

26.4 lbs; ~12.0 kg
VMAXTANKS XTR31-135

Deep Cycle


AGM

135


265

730


920

77 lbs; 34.9 kg
XS Power XP3000

Deep Cycle


AGM

120


240

-


-

73 lbs;  33.1 kg
Weize 12V 100Ah AGM

Deep Cycle


AGM

100


-

-


-

60 pounds; 27.2 kg
Weize 12V 100Ah Gel

Deep Cycle


Gel-Cell

100


<180

-


-

67 pounds; 30.4 kg
WindyNation BAT-NSAP12-100

Deep Cycle


AGM

106


180+

-


-

67 lbs; 30.4 kg

Note: Amazon affiliate links ('Model' column) open in the new windows, feel free to check them for the most up-to-date offers and prices. 

If You are looking for a starting/dual-purpose group 31 battery, go for sealed, spill-proof, maintenance-free AGM/Gel-Cell battery - drop-in lithium battery replacements can be great, but IMHO, lead-acid batteries are still the way to go when looking for a tough and durable group 31 battery.

Odyssey 31-PC2150S Heavy Duty Commercial Battery

odyssey 31 pc2150s w300px

Odyssey 31-PC2150 battery is made in several versions, including Odyssey 31-PC2150S Heavy Duty Commercial Battery.

Odyssey 31-PC2150S battery features physical dimension of 13.06 x 6.89 x 9.59 inches (~33.2 x 17.5 x 24.4 cm) and it weighs 77.8 pounds (~35.3 kg).

The battery comes with a carrying handle, allowing the user to lift the battery and position it more easily - carrying 77.8 pounds battery around is not recommended.

Odyssey 31-PC2150S battery features a nominal capacity of 100 Ah, a CCA value of 1150(!) Amps, MCA (CA) value of 1370(!) Amps and an RC value of 205 minutes - it is a strong, reliable, and durable battery.

Note: If there is one battery in this article that deserves special attention, it is the Odyssey 31-PC2150S battery.

The main difference between Odyssey 31-PC2150 batteries are the type and orientation of battery terminals:

- Odyssey 31-PC2150 comes in two versions, having 3/8" Stud or SAE battery terminals. Often, these batteries are labeled as 'Odyssey 31-PC2150T Heavy Duty Commercial Battery' or 'Odyssey 31-PC2150S Heavy Duty Commercial Battery' and indeed, they are batteries for heavy-duty commercial use.

- Odyssey 31M-PC2150 features SAE and 3/8” Stud (positive) 5/16” Stud (negative) battery terminals. This battery is often labeled as 'Odyssey 31M-PC2150ST-M TROLLING Thunder Marine Dual Purpose Battery' since it can be used as both starting marine battery, but also as a deep cycle marine battery, including trolling fishing.

- Odyssey 31R-PC2150 is just like Odyssey 31-PC2150, it just has terminal polarities reversed left and right.

Note: all versions of 31-PC2150 batteries have the same electrical performances (capacity, RC, CCA, MCA, etc).

Odyssey 31-PC2150 batteries are known for their deep discharge recovery ability, for their low-temperature operation (at -40°F (-40°C) Odyssey 31-PC1500 is able to provide 550 cranking amps for 30 seconds!), for mechanical ruggedness (don't hit them with a sledgehammer and they will be fine), etc.

Also, they accept charge quickly and can be recharged in 4-6 hours.

Note: for example, some large(r) trucks feature 4 (four) group 31 batteries connected in parallel - 4 (four) Odyssey 31-PC2150 batteries connected in parallel feature MCA current of ~5500 Amps!

Although they are not cheap group 31 batteries, they are also not the most expensive lead-acid group 31 batteries.

If You are looking for a starting/dual-purpose group 31 battery, seriously consider this battery.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the Odyssey 31-PC2150S Heavy Duty Commercial Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

NorthStar NSB-AGM31 Ultra High Performance Battery

northstar nsb agm31 w300px

NorthStar NSB-AGM31 Ultra High Performance Battery is another high-performance group 31 battery, comparable and in some details even better than the Odyssey 31-PC2150 battery.

NorthStar NSB-AGM31 battery features a nominal capacity of 103 Ah, CCA current of 1150 Amps, MCA current of 1370 Amps, a Reserve Capacity of 220 minutes and it weighs 75 pounds (~34 kg).

In terms of "slow" discharge applications, the NorthStar NSB-AGM31 battery is a slightly better performer than the Odyssey 31-PC2150 battery, while their starting performances are practically the same.

Extra low-temperature performances of the NorthStar NSB-AGM31 battery are not officially given by the manufacturer, just like many other "little" details.

Personally, if You can find the NorthStar NSB-AGM31 battery and Odyssey 31-PC2150 battery at a similar price, go for the cheaper battery with better warranty terms (which may differ from the default factory terms!).

Only if You need a battery for extra-low temperatures, go for Odyssey 31-PC2150 battery.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the NorthStar NSB-AGM31 Ultra High Performance Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

Optima 8052-161 D31M BlueTop Starting and Deep Cycle Battery

optima d31m w300px

Optima 8052-161 D31M BlueTop Starting and Deep Cycle Battery is a true dual-purpose battery featuring typical Optima's spiral-wound cells.

Because of such cells, the Optima D31M BlueTop battery features a somewhat smaller capacity of 75 Ah and an RC value of 155 minutes, but it also weighs "only" 59.8 pounds (27.1 kg).

But, the Optima D31M BlueTop battery is able to provide 900 CCA Amps and 1125 MCA Amps, which is far better than many other group 31 batteries featuring flat plates.

Optima D31M BlueTop battery is a spill-proof, maintenance-free battery that also cycles well and can be used for powering various loads while the engine is off.

However, due to the somewhat smaller capacity, the Optima D31M BlueTop battery should not be used while the engine is off as much as some other, larger, group 31 batteries.

Because of these features and acceptable price, the Optima D31M BlueTop battery is one of the most popular group 31 batteries on the market.

For more reviews and recommendations, feel free to check the Optima 8052-161 D31M BlueTop Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).


Few Final Words

These battery groups are the most common ones - other battery groups may be used as well, for example, large industrial group 4D, 6D, or even 8D batteries may be used as well for starting extra-large diesel engines.

trucks w500px

Such batteries are heavy and difficult to work with, but there are some models that can easily provide 1500-2000 CCA Amps.

However, since smaller batteries are lighter and much easier to work with, large trucks often come with battery packs consisting of two or even more smaller batteries connected in parallel.

Vehicles that operate at 24V have battery packs consisting of batteries connected in series - such connections double the voltage, keeping the currents (and losses) at more acceptable levels.

Long Story Short: when replacing your old truck battery (or batteries), go for the same battery chemistry (lead-acid) and battery size. The new battery may have a slightly larger capacity and better CCA/MCA features than the old one, but it should not be weaker!

And whatever You do, stay safe - these batteries are able to provide insanely strong currents and may cause damage, injuries, or even something worse ...

Amazon Search:

- Group 31 Battery

- Group 31 Lithium Battery

- Group 31 AGM Battery

Note: Amazon links open in the new windows, feel free to check them for the most up-to-date offers and prices.