How to Choose the Best Trolling Motor Battery

With all the available battery models and brands on the market, finding suitable trolling motor battery often can be daunting task, but it shouldn't be. But before getting new battery or battery pack, one should first write down few things, including size and weight of the boat, motor strength, required trolling time and of course, the funds allocated for the new trolling motor battery.

Size and Weight of the Boat

Following table lists the most common sizes and weights of small boats and pontoons commonly used for trolling:

Boat Weight 2000 lbs
(906 kg)
2500 lbs
(1132 kg)
3000 lbs
(1360 kg)
3500 lbs
(1586 kg)
4000 lbs
(1812 kg)
5000 lbs
(2265 kg)
Boat Length (feet) <16 feet
(~4.9 m)
~17 feet
(~5.2 m)
~18 feet
(~5.5 m)
~19 feet
(~5.8 m)
~20 feet
(~6.1 m)
21+ feet
(6.4+ m)
Minimum Recommend Thrust 40 lbs
~18 kg
50 lbs
~23 kg
60 lbs
~27 kg
70 lbs
~32 kg

80 lbs
~36 kg

>100 lbs
>45 kg
Recommended Thrust With Power Reserve 60 lbs
~27 kg
70 lbs
~32 kg
80 lbs
~36 kg
90 lbs
~41 kg
100 lbs
~45 kg
>120 lbs
>54 kg

upg ub121000 deep cycleNote that actual required thrust depends on other things too, for example:

- water and weather conditions: calm water and no wind require no additional motor power. On the other hand, strong currents and wind can help the vessel sail faster down the current and wind, but if one has to sail up the current and wind, much more power and larger thrust are required.

- height of the boat: kayaks and most of the inflatable boats are low in the water with relatively modest area of the boat that can act as the sail, requiring very little extra power. However, some pontoon boats and catamarans/trimarans are very tall, requiring extra power and thrust in windy conditions.

- presence of sea grass or similar vegetation: subsurface vegetation increases the vessel's resistance requiring more power and thrust to keep the required trolling speed. Also, the vegetation can wrap around the propeller shaft, greatly increasing the motor load and even causing circuit breaker to go off.

So, feel free to choose required electric trolling motor strength according to the table, just have in mind all (or most of) other possible situations, too.

Electric Trolling Motor Thrust vs. Power

Thrust achieved by electric trolling motor roughly equals to the water mass flow in the unit of time, multiplied by the water speed difference.

In order to stay away from the math as much as possible, just have in mind that electric trolling motor with larger thrust requires more electric power.

The following table lists some of the common electric trolling motors, their maximum thrust, nominal voltage, maximum current and nominal maximum power:

Electric Trolling Motor Model Maximum Thrust Voltage Maximum
Max Power
Newport Vessels 36lb Thrust NV-Series 36 pounds 12V 30A 360 W
Outsunny 36lb 12V Transom Trolling Motor 36 pounds 12V  ~30A 354 W
Intex 40lb Transom Trolling Motor 40 pounds 12V 35A 420 W
Minn Kota Riptide SC 45lb Transom Trolling Motor 45 pounds 12V 42A 504 W
Newport Vessels 46 lbs NV-Series 46 pounds 12V 40A 480 W
Outsunny 50lb 12V Transom Trolling Motor 50 pounds 12V 47A 564 W
Minn Kota Riptide 55 SP Bow-Mount Trolling Motor 55 pounds 12V 50A 600 W
Newport Vessels 55lb Thrust NV-Series 55 ponuds 12V 52A 624 W
Saturn 55 Lbs Electric Tolling Motor 55 pounds 12V 50A 600 W
Newport Vessels 62 lbs NV-Series 62 pounds 12V 58A 696 W
Minn Kota Riptide 80 ST 80 pounds 24V 56A 1344 W
MotorGuide Xi5 Wireless GPS Trolling Motor 80 pounds 24V 56A 1344 W
Newport Vessels 86 lbs NV-Series 86 pounds 24V 48A 1152 W
MinnKota EM 101 Engine Mounted Trolling Motor 101 pounds 36V 50A 1800 W
Minn Kota Riptide ST Trolling Motor 112 pounds 36V 52A 1872 W
Minn Kota Riptide EM 160 160 pounds 24V 116A 2784 W

Note: Amazon affiliate links in the table open in the new windows, feel free to check them out.

In order to keep maximum currents at acceptable levels (at most 50-60 Amps), stronger electric trolling motors operate at 24 or 36 volts. For example, electric trolling motors with thrust up to 60-70 pounds operate at 12 V, trolling motors with thrust between 70-100 pounds operate at 24 volts, while electric trolling motors with thrust levels of 100 or more pounds, usually operate at 36 V.

Of course, there are exceptions. For example, Minn Kota Riptide EM 160 operates at 24V with maximum of 116 Amps. However, this is double motor electric drive consisting of two 80 pounds electric motors, requiring 58 Amps each - hence the 116 Amps max.

The Best Trolling Motor Batteries

Trolling motor batteries must be able to withstand regular deep discharge operations and cyclic use.

Common starting/cranking car/boat batteries should not be discharged regularly below 50% of their capacity, or their operating lifetime can be significantly reduced.

Thus, for electric trolling motor battery, one should choose dual purpose or preferably deep cycle marine battery. Such batteries have limited cranking currents, but that is not what they are designed for - they can easily withstand regular deep discharges down to 20-30% without adverse effects on their operating life.

Lead-Acid of Lithium Batteries?

battle born 100 ah 12volt lithiumUnless otherwise stated, all of the information presented in this article is about lead-acid batteries, regardless of their purpose and type (starting, dual purpose, deep cycle; AGM, gel cell, wet cell, etc).

Lithium rechargeable batteries initially cost more and are sensitive to charging and discharging conditions, but most 12 V lithium batteries come as drop in replacement for SLA batteries. Such batteries come with protective electronics that monitors battery condition and protect it, if necessary.

Just be aware that such 'drop in replacement' lithium batteries also come as starting (being able to provide huge currents, but for limited time) and as deep cycle batteries (having limited maximum allowed currents, but great capacity).

Lithium batteries cost perhaps 3-5x times more than lead-acid batteries, but they often can withstand 5-10x more charging and discharging cycles and are 3-4x lighter than lead-acid batteries. So, in the long run they are actually cheaper (check warranty conditions!) and save plenty of weight.

The following table lists the most popular deep cycle and dual purpose trolling motor batteries, with their most important features:

Model Battery Type Goup Size Cell Type Ah MCA RC Weight (lbs/kg)
Battle Born 100Ah 12V LiFePO4 Battery Deep Cycle 31 LiFePO4 100 - - 29 lbs; 13.2 kg
DieHard 38228 Dual Purpose 48 AGM 70 950 120 -
Exide Edge FP-AGM24DP Dual Purpose 24 AGM 75 930 145 50 lbs; 22.7 kg
Exide XMC-31 Deep Cycle 31 AGM 100 1110 200 68 lbs; 31 kg
Lifeline GPL-31T Deep Cycle 31 AGM 105 750 195 69 lbs;  31.5 kg
Mighty Max ML35-12 Deep Cycle U1 AGM 35 - - 23 lbs; 9.6 kg
Odyssey 31M-PC2150 Dual Purpose 31 AGM 100 1370 205 77.8 lbs; 35.3 kg 
Odyssey 34M-PC1500 Dual Purpose 34 AGM 68 1050 135 49.5 lbs; 22.4 kg
Optima 8027-127 D27M Dual Purpose 27 AGM 66 1000 140 54 lbs; 24.5 kg
Optima 8052-161 D31M Dual Purpose 31 AGM 75 1125 155 59.8 lbs; 27.1 kg
Optima 8016-103 D34M Dual Purpose 34 AGM 55 870 120 46 lbs; 21 kg
Trojan SCS150 Deep Cycle 24 Flooded Cell 100 650 150 50 lbs; 22.6 kg
Trojan T31 Deep Cycle 31 AGM 102 720 177 69 lbs; 31.5 kg
Trojan T-105 Deep Cycle (6 Volts) Flooded 225 - 447 62 lbs; 28.1 kg
UPG UB121000 Deep Cycle 27 AGM 100 - - 64 lbs; 29 kg
VMAXTANKS V30-800 Deep Cycle - AGM 30 350 55 22 lbs; 10 kg
VMAXTANKS V35-857 Deep Cycle U1 AGM 35 390 75 25 lbs; 11.3 kg
VMAXTANKS MR96-60 Deep Cycle 22NF AGM 60 600 120 43 lbs; 19.5 kg
VMAXTANKS MR107-85 Deep Cycle 24 AGM 85 700 160 55 lbs; 24.9 kg
VMAXTANKS SLR125 Deep Cycle 31 AGM 125 - 260 75 lbs; 34 kg
VMAXTANKS MR127-100 Deep Cycle 27 AGM 100 800 200 68 lbs; 30.8 kg
VMAXTANKS MR137-120 Deep Cycle 31 AGM 120 900 230 75 lbs; 34 kg
VMAXTANKS SLR155 Deep Cycle - AGM 155 - 350 90 lbs; 40.8 kg
VMAXTANKS MR197-200 Deep Cycle 4D AGM 200 1400 450 112 lbs; 50.7 kg
VMAXTANKS V6-225 Deep Cycle GC2 (6 Volts) AGM 225 - 500 72 lbs, 32.6 kg

Note: Amazon affiliate links in the table open in the new windows, feel free to check them out.

 Of course, there are many other models and brands on the market - we are updating the list regularly, so feel free to check it as regularly.

Little Bit of Math

Unfortunately, in order to pick the best trolling motor battery, some math is required.

Lead-acid batteries are know as being very tolerant when operating connected in series (for larger voltage) and in parallel (for larger capacity). When connecting batteries in series and/or parallel, always try to obtain the same batteries from the same manufacturer, preferably from the same manufacturing batch.

Why? Well, even the slightest differences among the batteries can cause one battery to be under larger stress/load, leading to imbalances within the battery pack and ultimately to the battery pack failure. And that can be costly!

Example: If you need/have electric trolling motor that draws 55-60 Amp at maximum power and you want at least 90 minutes of operation at full throttle, you need at least 150-160 Ah battery.

60 A x 1.5 h = 90 Ah

Since we don't want to fully discharge lead-acid battery, we will discharge it down to 20%:

90 Ah / 0.8 = 112 Ah

Nominal capacity of lead-acid batteries drops when they are being discharged faster. On average, when such batteries are discharged within 1.5 h period, their capacity drops to ~70-80% of nominal capacity. Just to be safe, let's assume that our battery capacity drops down to 70% of nominal capacity when being drained at such rate:

112 Ah / 0.7 = 160 Ah
112 Ah / 0.8 = 140 Ah

Although this is calculation for the 'worst case scenario', it is also calculation for the real life situation!

If you don't wish to connect the batteries in parallel in order to achieve desired capacity, a good choices for such requirements are:

- VMAXTANKS SLR155 (AGM, 155 Ah, 90 pounds)

- VMAXTANKS MR197-200 (AGM, 200 Ah, 112 pounds)

However, if you don't mind connecting batteries in parallel, the list of potential batteries is much longer (you just need a pair of them) - practically a pair of any deep cycle batteries with at least 75-80 Ah will be enough.

odyssey 34m pc1500 dual purposeWhat about the voltage?

If your trolling motor operates at 12 V, you need one large or a pair of two smaller batteries.

If your motor operates at 24V, you need a pair of larger batteries connected in series or four smaller batteries connected in parallel and series.

If your motor operates at 26V, you need three larger batteries connected in series or six smaller batteries connected in parallel and series to achieve desired performances.

In real life, one rarely uses electric trolling motor at full throttle all the time - most of the time, power is reduced and maximum power is used only in emergencies or when changing fishing locations and similar. If you do use your trolling motor at the full throttle most of the time, perhaps it is underpowered for your application and getting stronger motor (or one more) with more powerful batteries will increase your safety.