Battery Equivalents and Replacements

C Cell Batteries vs 26500 Batteries - Comparisons and Recommendations

C cell batteries and 26500 batteries are physically very similar batteries - they are cylindrical batteries commonly used at home appliances, toys, flashlights, musical instruments, etc.

C cell batteries and 26500 batteries differ in chemistry type and thus their nominal voltage, capacity, internal resistance (drain type), shelf life, use, and similar.

Updated: January 7, 2022.

panasonic c batteries

C Size Batteries and 26500 Batteries - Dimensions and Specifications

C cell batteries are cylindrical batteries with physical dimensions of 50.0 mm (~1.9685 inches) in height and 26.2 mm (~1.0315 inches) in diameter.

26500 batteries feature a height of 50.0 mm and 26.0 mm diameter, while very similar 25500 batteries feature 50.0 mm height and slightly smaller 25 mm diameter.

Due to the better similarity to the C cell batteries, 26500 batteries are more common than 25500 batteries.

Since C batteries are larger than AA (~50.5 x 14.5 mm) and A batteries (50.0 x 17.0 mm), C batteries may be replaced by these cells using a plastic size adaptor, with the loss of capacity.

C batteries are also labeled as MN1400 batteries, MX1400 batteries, 343 batteries, U11 batteries, LR14 batteries, R14 batteries, 14A batteries, 14D batteries, E93 batteries, etc.

The most common labels are C battery, MN1400, LR14, and R14.

Both C cell batteries and 26500 batteries come in several chemistries and are generally divided into primary (non-rechargeable) and secondary (rechargeable) batteries.

Generally, C cell batteries are Nickel Cadmium (NiCd), Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH), alkaline (zinc-manganese dioxide, for example), and zinc-carbon batteries, while 26500 batteries are lithium batteries.

Rechargeable (Secondary) C-Cell Batteries

Nickel Cadmium (NiCd) rechargeable C cell batteries have a nominal voltage of 1.2V, and they are able to produce large currents, but their capacity and number of charging/discharging cycles are limited when compared with equivalent Nickel-Metal Hydride (NiMH) batteries.

Although they have a relatively high discharge rate, due to their memory effect and the environmental impact of cadmium, NiCd batteries are being phased out, but still may be found in cheaper tools as C batteries or sub-C batteries (42.9 x 22.2 mm) with or without soldering tabs.

tenergy c nimh batteryNickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) rechargeable C cell batteries feature good capacity, they are cadmium/mercury-free, have low self-discharge rate, tolerate a large number of charging/discharging cycles, have a good shelf life, etc.

Depending on the NiMH battery type, the nominal capacity of NiMH C batteries varies usually between 2.0 and 6.0 Ah with a nominal voltage of 1.2 volts.

Low-drain NiMH C cell batteries feature a larger capacity than the high-drain NiMH C size batteries, but high-drain models can easily produce much stronger currents than the low-drain NiMH batteries.

Note: Both NiCd and NiMH types of batteries should be charged only with the chargers designed for such battery chemistries. High-quality, well-balanced, and maintained NiMH batteries may withstand 400-800 charging/discharging cycles, more than justifying their initially higher prices.

Non-Rechargeable (Primary) C-Cell and 26500 Batteries

Zinc-Carbon non-rechargeable C cell batteries feature a nominal voltage of 1.5 volts and nominal capacity in the 3.0 - 4.0 Ah range. They are very affordable C-size batteries intended for mostly low-drain applications. Also, they offer a shelf life of 2-4 years

energizer c batteryAlkaline non-rechargeable C cell batteries are the most common C-size battery chemistry. These batteries feature a nominal voltage of 1.5 volts and nominal capacity in the 6.0 - 8.0 Ah range.

Alkaline batteries cost more than zinc-carbon batteries, but they have larger capacity and longer shelf life, sometimes 7-10 or even more years.

Alkaline batteries are intended for medium-drain applications including LED flashlights, portable radios, toys, and other similar devices.

Lithium non-rechargeable C size/26500 batteries are commonly Lithium Thionyl Chloride (Li-SOCl2) batteries featuring extremely low-self discharge rate (<1% per year), high capacity, and are able to operate at low temperatures.

On the other hand, Lithium Thionyl Chloride (Li-SOCl2) batteries feature relatively high-internal resistance and are suitable for low-drain applications.

Also, after being on standby for many years, they don't produce their nominal voltage right away - depending on the model, this time varies.

On average, Lithium Thionyl Chloride (Li-SOCl2) C cell/26500 batteries feature a nominal voltage of 3.6 volts and a capacity of 8.0 - 10.0 Ah - they are able to store 2.5 - 3x more energy than for example, alkaline C size batteries.

Rechargeable (Secondary) 26500 Batteries

evo gimbals imr 26500 batteryRechargeable lithium 26500 batteries use several very similar lithium chemistries including IMR (LiMn204 - Lithium Manganese Oxide), INR (LiNiMnCoO2 - Lithium Manganese Nickel), IFR (LiFePO4 - Lithium Iron Phosphate), ICR (LiCoO2 - Lithium Cobalt Oxide), or some other similar/hybrid (LiNiCoO2 - Lithium Nickel Cobalt Oxide, LiNiCoAlO2 - Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Oxide, etc.) technology.

Their nominal voltage differs from 3.2 to 3.7 volts and nominal capacity from 3.0 to 6.0 Ah - again, some models are intended for low-drain and some for high-drain applications.

While both rechargeable and non-rechargeable lithium batteries are mutually replaceable, at least for low-drain applications, devices designed to be powered by C-cell batteries and nominal voltages of 1.2 - 1.5 volts should not be powered by lithium 26500 batteries due to the large voltage difference (more than 2x) - such voltage difference may damage the device.

Some newer devices including LED flashlights, toys, portable radios, and similar are designed to be powered by either C-size batteries or 26500 batteries, despite the voltage difference - these devices feature small DC/DC converters ensuring that proper internal voltage is always available regardless of the input voltage.

Note: Only the devices that specifically state that they CAN be powered by either C-cell batteries or 26500 batteries should be powered by these batteries. Other devices should be powered by only one battery type as labeled by the device's manufacturer!

C-Cell and 26500 Batteries Chemistries Comparison Chart

The following comparison chart lists some of the most popular C-cell and 26500 batteries, with their chemistries and other features and specifications:

Battery Datasheet

Chemistry


Nominal and Cutoff Voltages

Capacity

Operating Temperature


Annual Self-Discharge Rate
(Shelf Life)

Duracell MN1400 Coppertop Alkaline

1.5V, 0.8V
~6Ah @250mA; ~4.5Ah @500mA -20°C to +54°C

-
Duracell QU1400 Quantum Alkaline

1.5V, 0.8V
~5.75Ah @250mA; ~4.5Ah @500mA; ~2.7Ah @1A -20°C to +54°C

-
Energizer E93 Alkaline

1.5V, 0.8V
~8Ah @25mA; ~6.8Ah @100mA; ~5.5Ah @250mA -18°C to +55°C

10 years @21°C
Energizer HR14 NiMH

1.2V, 1.0V
2500 mAh @500mA down to 1.0V @21°C Charge: 0°C to +40°C
Discharge: 0°C to +50°C

-
GP Batteries GN14A Alkaline

1.5V, 0.8V
-  -

36 months warranty
Procell C Battery  Alkaline

1.5V, 0.8V
8100 mAh down to 0.8V over 25Ω @20°C -20°C to +54°C

-
Rayovac LR14 Alkaline

1.5V, 0.9V
6.75Ah @150mA; 4.8Ah @400mA -30°C to +55°C 

10 years @21°C
Rayovac R14 Zinc Carbon

1.5V, 0.8V
- -30°C to +55°C

3 years @21°C 
Saft LM26500 Primary Li-MnO2

3.0V, 2.0V
7.4Ah @10mA down to 2.0V @20°C
2.0A max. continuous; 4.0A max. pulse
-40°C to +85°C

<1% @20°C
Saft LS26500 Primary Li-SOCl2

3.6V, 2.0V
7.7Ah @4mA down to 2.0V @20°C
150 mA max. continuous; 300mA/0.1s max. pulse
-60°C to +85°C

<1% @20°C

Note: there are many more C-Cell and 26500 batteries on the market - these are very popular sizes for a broad range of applications.

 C-Cell Batteries Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Here are some of the most common Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about C-cell batteries and batteries in general:

What is C type battery?

C-cell or C-type batteries are cylindrical 50 x 26.2 mm batteries that can be primary and secondary cells and are used in various applications including tools, toys, gadgets, flashlights, etc.

Other labels include MN1400, MX1400, 343, U11, LR14, R14, 14A, 14D, E93, etc. but "C battery" and "MN1400 battery" are the most common ones.

Can you still buy C batteries?

Yes, C-cell batteries are manufactured by many reputable brands and can be found in most hardware stores, office products stores, and online shops.

Are C batteries the same as AA? Do C-type batteries last longer than AA?

No, AA batteries feature physical dimensions of 50.5 x 14.5 mm, while C batteries feature physical dimensions of 50 x 26.5 mm.

Due to their much larger internal volume, C-cell batteries last longer than AA batteries.

What can I use if I don't have a C battery?

If one can't find C-cell batteries, it is possible to use AA and/or A batteries with the special battery holder. However, AA (50.5 x 14.5 mm) and A (50 x 17 mm) batteries feature lower capacity than C-cell batteries and will not last as long as C-cell batteries.

What is the difference between C batteries?

The main difference between various C-cell batteries is their chemistry and hence their storage and discharge features.

Do flashlights use C or D batteries?

Yes, flashlights still use both C and D batteries and with a transition to LED flashlights, C and D batteries powered flashlights can offer high lumens output for longer periods of time.


Few Final Words

If you have a device that is powered by C-cell or 26500 battery, check the battery type and get the battery of the same chemistry type.

Only if the device's manual clearly states that it may be powered by either a C-size battery (nominal voltage 1.2 - 1.5 volts) or a 26500 battery (nominal voltage 3.2-3.7 volts) consider replacing the C-size battery with a 26500 battery or vice versa.

Personally, if the device allows C batteries to be replaced by 26500 batteries, especially if the device is used often, do it - 26500 lithium rechargeable store more energy and may be recharged 500-1000+ times, depending on the battery model and type of use.

Note: always charge the batteries with the battery chargers intended for such batteries.