Battery Equivalents and Replacements

Non-Rechargeable vs. Rechargeable Hearing Aid Batteries: Size 10, 312, 13, 675 Hearing Aid Batteries

Non-Rechargeable (disposable) zinc-air batteries have been standard hearing aid batteries for a long time. They have replaced older mercury-oxide batteries and after introducing mercury-free zinc-air batteries, they have become a de-facto standard for hearing aid batteries.

However, rechargeable batteries are being used more and more in everyday electronics, and as such, they are slowly entering the hearing aid market as well. But, there are several very important issues that rechargeable batteries face when being used as hearing aid batteries...

Updated: February 2, 2022.

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Hearing Aid Battery Sizes

Hearing aid batteries are button cell type of batteries and they come in several standard sizes, shown in the following table:

Common Battery Name Tab Color Dimensions Zinc Air Capacity Alkaline Capacity Silver Oxide Capacity NiMH Capacity Silver Zinc Capacity Amazon Link
10, Yellow tab, PR70, 7005ZD, AC10, DA10, ZA10, AC10/230, DA230 Yellow 5.8 x 3.6 mm 90 mAh - - 11-15 mAh 15-18 mAh Size 10 Hearing Aid Battery
312, Brown tab, PR41, 7002ZD, ZA312, p312 Brown 7.9 x 3.6 mm 160 mAh 27-33 mAh 40-45 mAh 20-25 mAh 30-32 mAh Size 312 Hearing Aid Battery
13, Orange tab, PR48, 7000ZD, ZA13 Orange 7.9 x 5.4 mm 280 mAh 50-55 mAh 67-75 mAh 35-40 mAh 38-42 mAh Size 13 Hearing Aid Battery
675, Blue tab, PR44, 7003ZD, ZA675 Blue  11.6 x 5.4 mm 600 mAh 110-130 mAh 150-200 mAh 83-90 mAh 125-130 mAh Size 675 Hearing Aid Battery

Note: Older batteries like size 5 (Red tab, PR63, 7012ZD, AC5, ZA5), size 630 (DA630, 7007Z), and size AC41E (7001Z, PR43) are obsolete and were used in older hearing aid devices and are not listed in the table. Also, Amazon affiliate links in the table open in the new windows, feel free to check them for the most up-to-date offers and prices.

Hearing Aid Batteries Common Chemistry Types

panasonic pr675 batteries

The most common hearing aid battery chemistries are:

- non-rechargeable: Zinc-Air batteries, Alkaline batteries, Silver-Oxide batteries, Lithium batteries.

- rechargeable: Nickel Metal-Hydride (NiMH) batteries, Silver-Zinc batteries, Lithium-Ion batteries.

Zinc-air hearing aid batteries are the most common non-rechargeable chemistry type.

Zinc-air batteries feature a theoretical voltage of 1.65 volts, although in real life this voltage drops down to ~1.4 volts, but remains rather stable and slowly drops down 1.2 volts.

Most hearing aid devices are designed to operate properly using batteries in 1.2 - 1.5 volts. Operating devices using batteries with less than 1.2 volts can cause reliability issues while using batteries with an actual voltage higher than 1.5 volts can even damage these devices.

So, before using other batteries than zinc-air in your device, be sure to read its manual/instructions thoroughly and check what kind of batteries are actually supported.

When compared with other non-rechargeable batteries, zinc-air batteries feature the highest capacity and are thus commonly used in hearing aid devices.

How Long Do Zinc-Air Hearing Aid Batteries Last

Zinc-air batteries use air (oxygen from the air) and after their moist electrolyte dries out, they are dead and must be replaced, regardless of whether they are discharged or not. So, there are basically two reasons why zinc-air batteries may become dead:

- moist electrolyte: depending on the battery brand, model, and size, the electrolyte of the zinc-air batteries stays wet/moist for a few weeks and zinc-air batteries remain operational for those few weeks.

- hearing aid device current load and use: most hearing aid devices are designed to operate 5-10 days (sometimes more - device-dependent) without replacing the batteries. However, the more the hearing aid device is used, the more discharged battery becomes. Also, if the hearing aid device is not used, battery capacity doesn't drop due to the battery being discharged, but due to the moisture loss.

So, when the protective tab is removed, the zinc-air battery can last, at most, a few weeks, regardless of whether it is used or not.

Shelf life: Good zinc-air batteries from reputable brands have a shelf life of 3 years or even more.


Alkaline batteries are types of non-rechargeable batteries that are used in hearing aid devices only when no other battery type is available.

Although these batteries have a nominal voltage of 1.5 volts, voltage quickly drops during use. Also, these batteries have ~5x smaller capacity when compared with the same sized zinc-air batteries.

Alkaline batteries feature a shelf life of 3+ years, with some models having a shelf life of 5+ years.


373 srw754sw batterySilver-oxide batteries are similar to alkaline batteries but are better performers. However, silver-oxide batteries should also be used in hearing aid devices only when no other battery type is available.

Silver-oxide batteries have a nominal voltage of 1.55 volts, and the voltage is relatively stable during the discharge. Although silver-oxide batteries have a larger capacity than alkaline batteries, they still have ~3-4x smaller capacity when compared with the same sized zinc-air batteries.

Silver-oxide batteries feature a shelf life of 3+ years, with some models having a shelf life of 7+ years. Just to be sure, it is nice practice to have a few of these stashed around - just in case.


Non-rechargeable lithium batteries are rarely used in hearing aid devices. These batteries feature 3.0(!) volts, have a smaller capacity than zinc-air batteries, but they also feature a very low self-discharge rate and they tolerate relatively high pulse discharge currents.

But, their rechargeable 'cousins' are starting to appear in modern hearing aids due to their good capacity, high energy density, and a large number of charge/discharge cycles.


power one nimh p312 batteryNickel Metal-Hydride (NiMH) batteries are rechargeable batteries, having the potential to help hearing aid devices users save some money.

Modern NiMH batteries feature almost no memory effect (no memory effect, according to most of their manufacturers, but ...), have a nominal voltage of 1.2 volts which is slightly lower when the battery is in use.

NiMH batteries are environmentally friendly batteries since they don't contain mercury or other heavy metal pollutants - nonetheless, they must be disposed of properly.

When compared with zinc-air batteries, NiMH batteries generally have ~5-6x smaller capacity.

When to use NiMH batteries in hearing aid devices?

If your hearing aid device can run 10+ days on a single zinc-air battery, and it tolerates slightly lower voltage of NiMH batteries, then it is quite feasible to run such device for at least one full day on a single battery charge, even when being used more than average.

And when the day is over, the battery can be recharged during the night.

However, high-tech hearing aid devices featuring Bluetooth connectivity have higher power consumption, and using NiMH batteries for a full day without battery replacement is questionable.


Silver-zinc batteries are types of rechargeable batteries, very similar to non-rechargeable silver-oxide batteries.

Silver-zinc batteries feature open-circuit voltage at full charge ~1.85 volts and open-circuit voltage at full discharge ~1.55 volts.

Depending on the brand and design, silver-zinc batteries feature ~5x smaller capacity than zinc-air batteries, but they also feature higher voltage, leading to ~4x smaller energy capacity.

We emphasize this 'energy capacity', since some hearing aid devices come with built-in very efficient DC-DC (Direct Current to Direct Current) converters and voltage auto-sense technology.

For short: if your hearing aid device can operate for 10+ days on a single zinc-air battery, and it accepts silver-zinc batteries, such device can easily run for one full day even when being used far more than average.

The operating life of the silver-zinc batteries in hearing aid devices is around one year, after which they must be replaced.

Silver-zinc rechargeable batteries are mostly used in newer hearing-aid devices as built-in batteries that are used during the day and during the night these devices are kept in the charging stations, where their batteries are being charged - there is no need to remove the battery from the device unless the battery is being replaced with the new one!


Lithium-ion batteries are rechargeable batteries featuring 3.6-3.7 volts nominal voltage. Also, they feature a low self-discharge rate (for rechargeable batteries), good energy density, fade-free power, no memory effect and can be easily charged 500-1000 times, some models even more.

Lithium-ion batteries are not as common as zinc-air batteries, but they are being used more and more often, especially in high-drain devices.

Lithium-ion batteries can last up to 3-4 years, after which they must be replaced and disposed of properly.

Like devices that use silver-zinc batteries, lithium-ion powered devices are designed to be used for at least a day (sometimes much more) on a single battery charge - during the night, the hearing aid device is kept in the charging station and the battery is fully charged.


Most Common Hearing Aid Batteries Sizes

Unless your hearing aid device came with a built-in silver-zinc or lithium-ion rechargeable battery, your hearing aid device most probably uses one of the following batteries:

Size 10 Hearing Aid Batteries

duracell size 10Size 10 hearing aid batteries, also labeled as Yellow tab, PR70, 7005ZD, AC10, DA10, ZA 10, etc. are button cell batteries 5.8 mm in diameter and 3.6 mm in height.

Regardless of the label, size 10 hearing aid batteries feature YELLOW TABS.

Zinc-air size 10 battery capacity is ~90 mAh, while equivalent NiMH battery capacity is just 11-15 mAh and silver-zinc (AgZn) battery capacity is 15-18 mAh.

Again, before replacing zinc-air batteries with NiMH and/or AgZn, check the documentation of your hearing aid devices if such batteries are supported due to the voltage differences.

For more about these batteries, check the Size 10 Hearing Aid Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

Size 312 Hearing Aid Batteries

rayovac 312 size hearing aid batteriesSize 312 hearing aid batteries are button cell batteries 7.9 mm in diameter and 3.6 mm in height. They are also labeled as Brown tab, PR41, 7002ZD, ZA312, p312, 312A, etc.

Regardless of the label, size 312 hearing aid batteries feature BROWN TABS.

Zinc-air size 312 battery capacity is ~160 mAh, while equivalent rechargeable NiMH battery capacity is 20-25 mAh and silver-zinc (AgZn) battery capacity is around 30-32 mAh.

Before replacing zinc-air batteries with NiMH and/or AgZn, be sure to check the documentation of your hearing aid devices if such batteries are supported due to the voltage differences.

7.9x3.6 mm button cell alkaline (labeled as LR41, LR736, AG3, etc) and silver oxide (labeled as SR41, SR736, SR736PW, SR736SW, SG3, etc.) non-rechargeable batteries can be used instead of zinc-air batteries, if required, just note that these batteries have a smaller capacity and that alkaline battery voltage is lower than the zinc-air battery voltage.

The slightly higher voltage of silver-oxide batteries is rarely of an issue, but just in case, check the documentation of your device.

For more about these batteries, check the Size 312 Hearing Aid Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

Size 13 Hearing Aid Batteries

powerone p13Size 13 hearing aid batteries are button cell batteries 7.9 mm in diameter and 5.4 mm in height. They are also labeled as Orange tab, PR48, 7000ZD, ZA13, etc.

Regardless of the label, size 13 hearing aid batteries feature ORANGE TABS.

Zinc-air size 13 battery capacity is ~280 mAh, while equivalent rechargeable NiMH battery capacity is 35-40 mAh and silver-zinc (AgZn) battery capacity is around 38-42 mAh.

Again, before replacing zinc-air batteries with NiMH/AgZn batteries, be sure to check the documentation of your hearing aid device.

Physical dimensions of size 13 (Orange tab) and size 312 (Brown tab) hearing aid batteries are similar - both models are 7.9 mm in diameter, with 5.4 mm (size 13, Orange tab) and 3.6 mm (size 312, Brown tab) in height.

This ~1.8 mm height difference leads to more than 50% higher capacity - if your hearing aid device supports the use of size 312 (Brown tab) batteries, and the batteries last too short, check the documentation to see if the size 13 batteries are supported too.

For more about these batteries, check the Size 13 Hearing Aid Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).

Size 675 Hearing Aid Batteries

energizer 675 batterySize 675 hearing aid batteries are button cell batteries 11.6 mm in diameter and 5.4 mm in height. They are also labeled as Blue tab, PR44, 7003ZD, ZA675, etc.

Regardless of the label, size 675 hearing aid batteries feature BLUE TABS.

Size 675 (Blue tab) hearing aid devices are the largest common zinc-air hearing aid batteries and feature the largest capacity.

Zinc-air size 675 battery capacity is ~600 mAh, while equivalent rechargeable NiMH battery capacity is ~90 mAh and silver-zinc (AgZn) battery capacity is ~130 mAh.

Again, due to the voltage differences, before replacing zinc-air batteries with NiMH/AgZn batteries, be sure to check the documentation of your hearing aid device.

These batteries can be replaced with alkaline (labeled as LR44, 76A, AG13, LR1154, A76, etc) or silver oxide (labeled as SR43W, SR43, SR43SW, 386, 301, etc.) batteries, just be sure to check if your device supports the use of such batteries due to the voltage differences.

For more about these batteries, check the Size 675 Hearing Aid Battery Amazon link (link opens in the new window).


Hearing Aid Batteries Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Here are some of the most common Frequently Asked Questions about hearing aid batteries:

How long does a battery last in a hearing aid?

The average lifespan of hearing aid batteries depend on their size, type, and use. On average, hearing aid batteries last:

- Size 675 (Blue Tab): 9-20 days,

- Size 13 (Orange Tab): 6-14 days,

- Size 312 (Brown Tab): 3-9 days,

- Size 10 (Yellow Tab): 3-7 days.

What is the 5-minute rule for hearing aid batteries?

After activating the battery, it is recommended to wait for 5-6 minutes before placing the battery in the hearing aid device - this way, air (oxygen) can fully activate the battery, prolonging its lifespan.

What is the difference between 13 and 312 hearing aid batteries?

Size 13 hearing aid batteries are button cell batteries 7.9 mm in diameter and 5.4 mm in height - they are also labeled as Orange tab, PR48, 7000ZD, ZA13, etc.

On the other hand, size 312 hearing aid batteries are button cell batteries 7.9 mm in diameter and 3.6 mm in height. They are also labeled as Brown tab, PR41, 7002ZD, ZA312, p312, 312A, etc.

As one can see, size 13 and size 312 hearing aid batteries share the same diameter, but the height is different - size 13 batteries thus feature larger capacity than the 312 batteries.

Are 312 and 13 batteries the same?

No, they are not the same - they differ in size (312: 7.9 x 3.6 mm, 13: 7.9 x 5.4 mm) and capacity.

Why are my hearing aid batteries dying so fast?

If the air vent of the battery is clogged, air (oxygen) can't enter the battery and the battery simply dies - this can happen in too humid environments, for example.

Are hearing aid batteries alkaline?

Generally, no, hearing aid batteries are not alkaline, but alkaline batteries can be used as hearing aid batteries when proper zinc-air batteries are not available.

What are hearing aid batteries made of?

Standard non-rechargeable hearing aid batteries are made using zinc-air chemistry and they generally don't contain mercury, lead and other toxic metals and compounds.


Long Story Short: when replacing your hearing aid batteries, always check the list of battery types supported by your device.

Zinc-air non-rechargeable batteries are practically standard hearing aid device batteries, featuring good capacity, stable voltage, and acceptable price.

If supported, NiMH and AgZn batteries are a rechargeable alternative to zinc-air batteries, but they suffer from lower capacity and must be often replaced from the unit and recharged using chargers in the form of USB sticks (with or without wall adapter).

Hearing aid devices that come with built-in AgZn and lithium-ion rechargeable batteries often feature a small charging station where hearing aid devices are stored during the night and charged.

Built-in AgZn batteries can last up to or even more than one year, while lithium-ion batteries can last up to 3-4 years.