Battery Equivalents and Replacements

Convert Watts to Amps and Amps to Watts - How to Calculate Watts

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Conversions between electrical units are usually simple and straightforward - take a formula, write down values, and let the calculator do the rest.

However, in real life, things are not always that simple, especially when converting units that require at least one unit to be known. If You wish to know more about converting watts to amps, amps to watts, volt-amps to watts, and similar, read carefully...

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How to Convert Amps to Watts, Watts to Amps and Other Formulas

Before diving into math and physics, it is important to know which unit is used for what:

- 'I': current strength, measured in Amps (A),

- 'P': power, measured in Watts (W),

- 'U': potential difference, measured in Volts (V),

- 'E': energy, measured in Joules (J), although sometimes measured in Wh (Watt-Hours),

- 'T': time, measured in seconds (s) and sometimes in hours (h).

In order to convert Amps (A) to Watts (W) and Watts (W) to Amps (A) one must use two different (although similar) formulas, one for Direct Current (DC) and another for Alternate Current (AC):

DC:

P (W) = I (A)  *  U (V)

AC:

P (W) = I (A) * U (V) * cos α

Note: α is the phase angle between voltage and current - in DC electric systems α=0° (cos 0°=1), while in AC electric systems α depends on the type of load (inductive or capacitive) - this is Effective Power of AC electric system and is expressed by Watts.

Apparent Power of AC systems is expressed in Volt-Amps (never in watts) and is obtained by multiplying Volts and Amps.

In order to simplify things, very often phase shift in AC systems is considered to be 0° - this is acceptable for some quick calculations, but it may not be sufficient for systems with large inductive or capacitive loads.

So, if in order to convert:

- Amps to Watts, one also needs Volts: P (W) = I (A) * U (V)

- Watts to Amps, one also needs Volts: I (A) = P (W) / U (V)

- Volt and Amps to Watts: P (W) = I (A) * U (V)

- Volts to Amps, one also needs Watts: I (A) = P (W) / U (V)

- Amps to Volts, one also needs Watts: U (V) = P (W) / I (A)

- Watt-Hours to Amp Hours, one also needs Volts: E (Wh) = Capacity (Ah) * U(V)  


Watts to Amps and Amps to Watts Conversion Examples

Here are several Watts to Amps and Amps to Watts conversion examples:

12 Volts and 0.15 Amps to Watts: P(W) = U(V) * I(A) = 12 * 0.15 = 1.8 W

24 Volts and 37 Amps to Watts: P(W) = U(V) * I(A) = 24 * 37 = 888 W

36 Volts and 2400 Watts to Amps: I(A) = P(W) / U(V) = 2400 / 36 = 66.66 Amps

120 Volts and 4800 Watts to Amps: I(A) = P(W) / U(V) = 4800 / 120 = 40 Amps


Watts to Amps and Amps to Watts Conversion Calculators

In order to convert Watts to Amps and Amps to Watts, feel free to use these conversion calculators - write the values that You have and click 'Calculate' to convert them.

Note: It is assumed that the electric system is DC or that at least the α is 0° (cos α = cos 0°= 1):

Watts to Amps

 

Amps to Watts

Watts:

Volts:

Amps:

 

Amps:

Volts:

Watts:


Watts to Amps Chart

The following Watts to Amps chart lists electric currents (given in Amps) of specific loads, depending on the nominal voltage (α=0°, cos 0°=1):

Power (Watts) Power (HP) Current @ Nominal Voltage
12 Volts 24 Volts 36 Volts 120 Volts 230 Volts
250 W 0.335 HP 20.83 A 10.41 A 6.94 A 2.083 A 1.087 A
500 W 0.67 HP 41.67 A 20.83 A 13.89 A 4.167 A 2.174 A
746 W 1 HP 62.16 A 31.08 A 20.72 A 6.216 A 3.243 A
1000 W 1.34 HP 83.33 A 41.66 A 27.78 A 8.333 A 4.238 A
1492 W 2 HP 124.3 A 62.16 A 41.44 A 12.43 A 6.487 A
2000 W 2.68 HP 166.6 A 83.3 A 55.5 A 16.66 A 8.695 A
2238 W 3 HP 186.5 A 93.25 A 62.16 A 18.65 A 9.730 A
2984 W 4 HP 248.6 A 124.3 A 82.88 A 24.86 A 12.97 A
3730 W 5 HP 310.8 A 155.4 A 103.6 A 31.08 A 16.21 A
5000 W (5 kW) 6.70 HP 416.6 A 208.3 A 138.8 A 41.6 A 21.74 A
10 kW 13.40 HP 833.3 A 416.6 A 277.8 A 83.3 A 43.48 A

Note: when calculating these values, we have used 1 HP = 746 watts.

For example: if you have a 36V load that requires 3 HP (~2238 W), that load will draw ~62.16 A of current.

2000 Watts to Amps

If You plan on having a 2000 Watts load (power generator, power inverter, UPS device, etc.), it is recommended to know the required current (A or Amps) and voltage (V) - the higher the voltage, the less current is required, leading to thinner cables or less energy loses. However, higher voltages can be harmful. The following chart lists required (2000 Watts to) Amps for most commonly used voltages.

Voltage (V) 12V 24V 36V 48V 120V 230V
 Current (A) 166.6A 83.3A 55.5A 41.6A 16.66A 8.695A

 As one can see, if the nominal voltage is increased from 12V to 48V, the current is decreased 4x, leading to a rather acceptable current of 41.66 Amps (from 166.6A!).

3000 Watts to Amps

Similarly, if the load is 3000W or even larger, higher voltages are required in order to keep the current at acceptable levels:

Voltage (V) 12V 24V 36V 48V 120V 230V
 Current (A) 250A 125A 83.3A 62.5 25A 13.04A

In order to find out exact voltages, currents and wattages, feel free to use our Watts to Amps and Amps to Watts conversion calculators.

 


Amps to Watts Chart

The following Amps to Watts chart lists power values given in Watts, depending on the specific current and nominal voltage (α=0°, cos 0°=1):

Current (Amps) Power @ Nominal Voltage
12 Volts 24 Volts 36 Volts 120 Volts 230 Volts
1 A 12 W 24 W 36 W 120 W 230 W
2 A 24 W 48 W 72 W 240 W 460 W
5 A 60 W 120 W 180 W 600 W 1150 W
10 A 120 W 240 W 360 W 1200 W 2300 W
25 A 300 W 600 W 900 W 3000 W 5750 W
50 A 600 W 1200 W 1800 W 6000 W 11500 W
100 A 1.2 kW 2.4 kW 3.6 kW 12 kW 23 kW
200 A 2.4 kW 4.8 kW 7.2 kW 24 kW 46 kW
500 A 6 kW 12 kW 18 kW 60 kW 115 kW
1000 A 12 kW 24 kW 36 kW 120 kW 230 kW

For example: if you have a 36V motor that is rated at 50 Amps, its nominal power is 1800 watts.

Constant Current Discharge vs Constant Power Discharge Charts

As the batteries are being discharged, their voltage drops due to the increase in internal resistance. Thus, in order to check how good is the battery, one often has to check both the Constant Current Discharge Chart and Constant Power Discharge Chart of the battery.

Note: not all manufacturers provide this information.

For example: The following chart lists constant current discharge values for Renogy RNG-BATT-AGM12-100 battery, given in Amps, measured at 77°F (25°C):

End Voltage
(V/Cell)
End Voltage
(V/Battery)
5 min 10 min 15 min 20 min 30 min 45 min 1 hour 2 hours 3 hours 4 hours 5 hours 6 hours 8 hours 10 hours 20 hours
1.60 9.6 330.8 232.5 188.5 154.3 112.3 80.5 63.8 37.5 27.6 22.2 18.6 16.2 12.7 10.5 5.45
1.65 9.9 291.7 215.1 178.5 146.6 106.7 77.4 61.9 36.3 26.7 21.7 18.3 15.9 12.6 10.3 5.40
1.70 10.2 261.6 199.5 165.1 138.9 101.8 74.6 59.5 35.3 26.0 21.2 17.9 15.6 12.4 10.2 5.34
1.75 10.5 237.0 186.3 154.0 130.8 96.5 71.3 57.1 34.4 25.4 20.7 17.6 15.3 12.2 10.1 5.29
1.80 10.8 210.0 167.6 143.7 123.5 92.1 68.7 55.1 33.1 24.6 20.2 17.2 15.0 12.0 10.0 5.20
1.85 11.1 173.6 146.4 130.2 115.3 87.5 65.2 52.4 31.3 23.5 19.2 16.4 14.4 11.6 9.65 5.13
End Voltage
(V/Cell)
End Voltage
(V/Battery)
10 min 30 min 1 hour 5 hours 10 hours 20 hours
1.60 9.6 232.5 112.3 63.8 18.6 10.5 5.45
1.65 9.9 215.1 106.7 61.9 18.3 10.3 5.40
1.70 10.2 199.5 101.8 59.5 17.9 10.2 5.34
1.75 10.5 186.3 96.5 57.1 17.6 10.1 5.29
1.80 10.8 167.6 92.1 55.1 17.2 10.0 5.20
1.85 11.1 146.4 87.5 52.4 16.4 9.65 5.13

Also, the following chart lists constant power discharge values for Renogy RNG-BATT-AGM12-100 battery, given in Watts, measured at 77°F (25°C):

End Voltage
(V/Cell)
End Voltage
(V/Battery)
5 min 10 min 15 min 20 min 30 min 45 min 1 hour 2 hours 3 hours 4 hours 5 hours 6 hours 8 hours 10 hours 20 hours
1.60 9.6 3473 2509 2070 1719 1266 917 734.4 426.6 316.2 255.6 215.4 187.8 148.8 123.0 64.2
1.65 9.9 3115 2348 1981 1647 1211 886 714.6 415.2 307.8 250.8 211.8 184.8 142.2 121.8 63.6
1.70 10.2 2825 2199 1846 1570 1161 858 690.0 405.6 300.6 246.0 208.8 182.4 145.8 120.6 63.0
1.75 10.5 2587 2069 1732 1486 1105 823 664.8 396.0 294.6 240.6 205.6 179.4 144.0 119.4 62.4
1.80 10.8 2318 1873 1626 1410 1060 796 643.2 382.8 286.2 235.2 201.6 176.4 142.2 118.8 61.8
1.85 11.1 1935 1649 1482 1323 1011 758 613.2 364.8 274.2 225.0 193.2 169.2 137.4 114.6 61.2
End Voltage
(V/Cell)
End Voltage
(V/Battery)
10 min 30 min 1 hour 5 hours 10 hours 20 hours
1.60 9.6 2509 1266 734.4 215.4 123.0 64.2
1.65 9.9 2348 1211 714.6 211.8 121.8 63.6
1.70 10.2 2199 1161 690.0 208.8 120.6 63.0
1.75 10.5 2069 1105 664.8 205.6 119.4 62.4
1.80 10.8 1873 1060 643.2 201.6 118.8 61.8
1.85 11.1 1649 1011 613.2 193.2 114.6 61.2

Typically for lead-acid batteries, the Renogy AGM battery loses its effective capacity as the discharge current is increased.

As one can see, values in these two charts differ, depending on the discharge type - this is very important for all the loads being powered by the batteries, regardless if they are powered directly or via some power inverter.

For example: the Renogy RNG-BATT-AGM12-100 battery is able to power 205.6 watts load for 5 hours, without the voltage dropping below 10.5 volts - during these 5 hours, both voltage and current changes over time in order to provide the required 205.6 watts of power.


Long Story Short: When calculating watts (power), one must know Amps (current) and Volts (voltage). If the electric system is AC (Alternate Current) it is important to know if the load has large impedance/capacitance and how it changes the phase angle (shift) between current and voltage - for quick checks, one may assume that phase shift is 0°, but this is only an approximation.

When converting Wh (energy given in watt-hours) to Ah (capacity given in Amp-hours) and back, one also must know the nominal voltage of the system.

If the power source of the electric system is a lead-acid battery, and the discharge time is shortened, so is the effective capacity of the battery decreased.